2D CAD Drawings, Explained

2D CAD Drawings, Explained

What are 2D CAD Drawings?

2D CAD drawings are an important tool for architects, engineers, and contractors, as they provide accurate and detailed technical information about a building or project site.

CAD is defined as computer-aided design or computer-aided drafting. Prior to CAD software, CAD drawings would have been created by experienced CAD drafters and required tools such as stencils and T-squares. CAD software has replaced these manual, hand-drafted drawings with a digital method, significantly increasing the efficiency and accuracy of the drafting process. 2D CAD drawings are characterized by their two-dimensional lines, polylines, and arcs, as well as text and annotations.

Before project planning begins, many clients desire a set of construction drawings, drawn to scale, that document a building’s existing architecture, mechanical systems, and layout.

GPRS delivers accurate and customized 2D CAD drawings for your architecture, construction, and engineering projects. First, GPRS 3D laser scans your site using LiDAR technology to capture exact building dimensions, locations, and layout with 2-6mm accuracy. That data is initially captured in the form of a point cloud.

The GPRS Mapping and Modeling Team imports point clouds into CAD software to create customized 2D CAD drawings with great precision. They can also create a 3D model in BIM software and take a “slice” of the 3D model to create a 2D CAD drawing.

Site plans, floor plans, elevations, sections, details, isometric drawings, reflected ceiling plans, and more can be created and are used for construction planning, and building modifications. Drawings can be annotated with text, dimensions, leaders, and tables for the client’s needs. 2D engineering drawings provide an easy reference of the tolerances that need to be met on critical dimensions.

2D CAD drawings can also be referred to as construction drawings, plan views, architectural drawings, as-built drawings, construction plans, 2D drawings, CAD drawings, blueprints, technical drawings, structural drawings, and finishing drawings. 2D drawings can provide a clear, detailed representation of the project layout, dimensions, and specifications. This can help architects, engineers, and contractors understand the design requirements.

GPRS 2D CAD Drawing
GPRS can create site plans, floor plans, elevations, sections, details, isometric drawings, reflected ceiling plans, and more for construction planning.

What Types of 2D CAD Drawings Does GPRS Create?

Site Plans

A site plan, sometimes referred to as a plot plan, is the graphic representation of all existing site conditions. The site plan maps the entire layout of the project site, including the location of buildings, paving, utilities, and terrain features in a single depiction.

Floor Plans

Floor plans show the layout and spatial relationship between rooms, spaces, and elements such as walls, doors, windows, and furniture. Architects, engineers, and builders use floor plans for design and retrofit projects.

Interior Elevations

Interior elevation drawings are 2D drawings that show the interior of a building from various angles. They are used to show the size and shape of a building, as well as the placement of windows, doors, and other features.

Exterior Elevations

Exterior elevation drawings are used to show how a building looks from the outside. They precisely document the outline of a building, and the placement of windows and doors. Design professionals would request as-built exterior elevations to understand how the different levels of a building stack, and how the windows and doors align and are placed.

Sections or Cross Sections

Sections are 2D drawings that show the cutaway view of a building, structure, or object, disclosing details of the internal structure.


Details are 2D drawings that show a specific element of a building, structure, or object enlarged in more detail. The element is scaled for dimensioning and clarification purposes.

Isometric Drawings

An isometric drawing is a representation of a 3D object drawn on a flat plane that mainly contains 2D coordinates – the x and y axes. Although it uses a 2D coordinate system, it gives the illusion that a 3D system is being used. Isometric drawings are made by tilting the viewing angle to 30 degrees for all sides in the 2D plane.

Mechanical and Electrical Drawings

These drawings provide detailed information about the plumbing, HVAC, electrical, and other mechanical systems (MEP) used in a building.

Reflected Ceiling Plan

A reflected ceiling plan shows the outline of the ceilings, the varied ceiling levels, vent locations, and the different types of lighting fixtures.

GPRS 2D CAD Drawing Services
CAD drawings allow architects, engineers, and contractors to visualize the project before construction begins.

What are the Benefits of CAD Drawings in Construction?


CAD drawings provide valuable as-built documentation during construction. They can be used for record-keeping, construction and renovation planning, and maintenance.


CAD drawings allow architects, engineers, and contractors to visualize the project before construction begins. This helps to make informed decisions about the design.


CAD drawings can be mined for accurate measurements, reducing errors in construction. This precision is essential for ensuring that different components fit together correctly.


CAD drawings streamline the design process, allowing for faster iterations and modifications. This efficiency can lead to cost savings and shorter project timelines.


CAD drawings serve as a common language among architects, engineers, contractors, and other stakeholders. They help in communicating design intent and specifications clearly.


CAD drawings enable different teams and trades to coordinate their work effectively. For example, architectural drawings can be integrated with structural and MEP (mechanical, electrical, plumbing) drawings to ensure compatibility.

As-built construction drawing
2D drawings can provide a clear, detailed representation of the project layout, dimensions, and specifications. This can help architects, engineers, and contractors understand the design requirements.

Why GPRS? The GPRS Difference.

With GPRS, clients can rest assured that our elite Project Managers use state-of-the-art 3D laser scanning technology to document accurate existing conditions information. Every GPRS Project Manager completes an extensive training program to ensure their competence in laser scanning equipment and field knowledge to provide the best possible results for every project.

We use industry-leading Leica survey-grade laser scanners to capture comprehensive point cloud data. In most cases, a 3D laser scan captures 2 million data points per second. The data produced is complete, clean, accurate, and well-filtered with low range noise. Point clouds provide powerful and dynamic information for a project. By representing spatial data as a collection of x, y, and z coordinates, point clouds deliver large datasets that can be mined for information.

Our Mapping & Modeling Team transforms point clouds into 2D CAD drawings, 3D BIM models, 3D meshes, TruViews, and virtual tours of the highest quality standards.

Partnering with GPRS means you receive accurate as-built data, 2D drawings, and 3D models to expedite project planning and reduce change orders, delays, and costs.

GPRS leads the industry – providing outstanding service and cutting-edge technology – keeping projects on time, reducing risks, and putting relationships with our clients first.

What can we help you visualize?

Frequently Asked Questions?

Which software is used for 2D drawings?

The AutoCAD 2D and 3D design and drafting platform from Autodesk supports automated design tasks with 2D drafting, drawing, and annotation, plus 3D modeling and visualization. AutoCAD can be used for construction, architecture, or mechanical projects, and to make blueprints or engineering plans.

Can I use Revit for 2D drawing?

Revit software helps visualize architectural elements in 3D using system and component libraries. If clients can learn to use the software’s tools, they will also be able to use Revit for 2D drawings and details.

What is the difference between CAD drawings and Revit drawings?

The biggest difference is that AutoCAD is CAD software and Revit is BIM software. While AutoCAD is a general drawing tool with broad applications, Revit is a design and documentation solution, supporting all phases and disciplines involved in a building project.

Schedule Service
Request a Quote